IHR LEGAL Newsletter  | January – March 2024 


1.     African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR)

The ACHPR is a quasi-jurisdictional body, within the framework of the African Union, whose main function is to protect and promote human and peoples’ rights in African countries. Among its functions are to process complaints from individuals or States about human rights violations committed by States in the region, and to receive periodic reports from States on the human rights situation in their country.

News from the ACHPR:

– On January 19, 2024, the ACHPR sent an urgent letter of appeal to President Tshisekedi of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), urging an end to violence against indigenous Batwa members.

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In 1970, the Khauzi-Biega National Park (PNKB) was created by Belgian authorities and, since then, the indigenous people Batwa no longer had access to their ancestral lands. Throughout this process, the Batwa suffered the most diverse violations of their human rights (individual and collective), as well as their violent expulsion. The ACHPR, through its Working Group on Indigenous Populations/Communities and Minorities in Africa, expressed its strong concern about the incessant violence and expulsion of members of the Batwa community, which is why it initiated an urgent letter of appeal requesting an end to this violent situation, with the aim of limiting irreparable damage to the lives, livelihoods, and security of vulnerable members of the community, among other rights. The press release can be found here.

2. African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACtHPR)

News from the ACtHPR:

– On February 14, 2024, the ACtHPR urged collective and concentrated efforts to advance human rights, with a special focus on the right to education.

During the official opening of the 2024 Judicial Year of the Court, which celebrates “Enhancing the Justiciability of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, with an emphasis on the Right to Education”, the President of the ACtHPR, Honorable Lady Justice Imani D. Aboud, claimed that this theme is in line with the African Union’s theme for 2024, which is focused on building resilient educational systems so that there will be greater access to quality, inclusive and lifelong learning. To achieve this, the President said that a number of elements needed to be committed to, such as good governance and respect for human rights. On the occasion, the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal Number 4 was recalled, which reaffirms the importance and power of education, which is capable of preventing the major global challenges and problems, such as climate change, conflicts and inequalities. Additionally, the African Union’s Agenda 2063: Africa We Want states that, in addition to education, a strong human rights culture is crucial to achieving justice, peace and a stable economy. The event counted with the presence of representatives of African Union Member States, regional and sub-regional courts, and civil society organizations, among many others. The press release can be found here.