In 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, reflecting a new international vision that recognized that each person, by the mere fact of being a person, is the holder of inalienable rights and freedoms.
This is how international human rights law was born. Among its defining features are the emergence of the individual as a direct actor in international law and the fact that it is a law in constant evolution, whose main source are treaties and other international instruments that have been gradually created. In addition to the Universal Human Rights System, there are also regional systems, such as the Inter-American, European and African systems.
Along with the recognition of human rights through treaties and other instruments, international human rights mechanisms have also been created. These mechanisms have the fundamental role of ensuring compliance by States with the international obligations they have assumed, including through the individual petition system, where the international responsibility of States for non-compliance with such obligations can be determined.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status […].