Professional Assistance before INTERPOL
The International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) is an intergovernmental organization for police cooperation. To this end, INTERPOL facilitates the exchange of and access to information on crime and criminals, and provides technical and operational support to police agencies in its member countries. INTERPOL currently has 194 member countries, each of which has a national central bureau to coordinate its functions.
INTERPOL’s highest governing body is the General Assembly, and its activities are coordinated by the General Secretariat, whose headquarters are in Lyon, France.
According to Article 2 of its Constitution, INTERPOL’s work must be carried out within a framework of respect for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In addition, the Organization must act in strict neutrality, and Article 3 of its Constitution states that “it is strictly forbidden for the Organization to undertake any intervention or activities of a political, military, religious or racial character.”
INTERPOL processes a large amount of personal data through the notices and databases it handles, such as names, photographs, identification marks and fingerprints. The Commission for the Control of INTERPOL’s Files (“CCF”) is an independent and impartial body responsible for ensuring that the processing of personal data within the Organization is in accordance with its own rules. In this regard, the CCF has two main functions: (i) monitoring and advising on data processing; and (ii) examining individual requests for access to, rectification or deletion of data processed in the INTERPOL Information System.
IHR LEGAL assists in the preparation of individual requests to the CCF, through which INTERPOL’s data on specific individuals can be accessed. IHR LEGAL also provides assistance in submitting requests to INTERPOL for rectification or deletion of data when, for example, such data have been generated without respect for the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, or involve matters of a sensitive or political nature.
Constitution of the International Criminal Police Organization – INTERPOL
Its aims are: a) to ensure and promote the widest possible mutual assistance between all criminal police authorities within the limits of the laws existing in the different countries and in the spirit of the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights […]”.